Dads with ADHD often have stormy relationships with theirÂ teenage sons.
Some feel guilty about passing the condition on to their child; othÂers find it painful to watch him struggle with the same problems they had as a teen. Here are some strategies to resolve conflicts with your ADD son, and be his role model.
- Be aware. Accept the fact that you are angry, frustrated, and fearful. So is your teenâ€”although his bravado may hide it. You canâ€™t help your child through tough times if you canâ€™t control your emotions. If you canâ€™t, seek the help of a doctor or therapist.
- Be honest and positive. Admit to your son that having ADHD is not easy, that it takes a lot of effort to stay on track. Tell him about some of the challenges you have faced, and the ways you have succeeded. Use humor to deflect anxiety. Always reinforce your sonâ€™s strengths
- Practice healthy confrontation. If you are about to lose your temper, use these techniques:
- Avoid accusationâ€”focus on soluÂtions to the problem and teach your teen to find alternatives that work.
- Focus on the behaviorâ€”make it clear that your son is not the sum of his behaviors, and that he, within reason, can control them.
- If you or your son starts to shout, break the pattern by speaking softly.
- Stick to your word. It isnâ€™t easy for people with ADHD to remain disciplined enough to mete out consequences. Make this a priority. If you told your son he must be home by 10 or he will lose his car privileges, and he comes home at 11, donâ€™t get angry. Take away his car privileges. This may be inconvenientâ€”you may have to drive him to his tutoring sesÂsionsâ€”but do it anyway. If you donâ€™t, your son will miss out on learning to equate his actions with consequences and on seeing that a person with ADHD can demonstrate responsible behavior.
- Avoid the guilt trap. You may have chalÂlenges like those of your son, but he is his own person. ADD is an explanation of behavÂiors, not an excuse for them. Your own failÂures donâ€™t mean you shouldnâ€™t have reasonÂable expectations for him.
- Humor Him a Little
Parents who have a sense of humor during tense, stressful situations may make their teen feel more accepted, less anxious, and better able to regulate his emotions, say researchers.
- Accept your imperfections. It is difficult enough to deal with your own ADHD, let alone your teenâ€™s. Donâ€™t let the perception that youâ€™ve failed as a parent, because of your sonâ€™s challenges, affect your interactions with him. You are a role model for your son, imperfections and all.
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