Perception is not a reliable copy of the external world, but only part of it composed by external stimuli, while the rest is constructed by the brain.
Factors that may protect youth with ADHD from negative outcomes
Life is a series of choices. Every time you make a decision, there is a possibility that things won’t go as expected (risk) or that something bad will happen (loss). Aversion to risk and loss have powerful influences on how we make decisions. In a new paper researchers studied the influence of risk and loss aversion in people with anxiety, a disorder characterized by debilitating avoidance behavior and difficulties making daily-life decisions.